10 simple tips to improve macro photographyApexeloptic
Do you dream of capturing stunning images that show amazing details? In this article, you will learn how to do this – using excellent macro photography. So what is macro photography? Macro photography can be a very beneficial type of photography. We were able to get up close and personal with our subjects and capture details that would normally be invisible. It can also be challenging to get so close to the subject and get an image you can be proud of.
Like anything, practice always helps you improve. For those who want quick success, we’ve put together 10 simple tips to improve macro photography. Read on to discover my tips for improving macro photography.
1. Choose the right macro lens
Even with all the expertise and photography skills in the world, you’ll still need to equip yourself for some good macro photography.
There is no best macro lens to choose from – what works for someone else may not work for you. The right macro lens is the lens that suits your needs and shooting style.
When choosing a macro lens, consider the following: focal length, autofocus, picture quality, and cost.
A prime fixed focal length lens is a good place to start. They are generally cheaper than zoom lenses and tend to produce sharper images.
The focal length is how close you need to get to your subject in order to get the subject in focus.
One advantage of short focal length lenses is that they are very lightweight because they are light. They are also usually cheaper. However, when dealing with a living subject, being too close can interfere with the subject. You may also be too close and limit the light that enters your subject.
With a longer lens, you’ll be able to stay further away from your subject. Longer shots also give you more background blur. The downside is that you need to carry a heavier lens.
Another consideration, if you plan to take a macro photo of a living person, is the autofocus feature. Look for mute autofocus to prevent disturbing your subject.
Image quality and cost often go hand in hand. Keep your requirements in mind again as you weigh these options.
2. Try macro gear
Are you looking for an alternative to buying macro lenses? Or maybe you just want more “toys” to play with?
Well, there’s no shortage of macro gear to try: extension tubes, reverse rings, close-ups, zoom lenses with macro settings.
These all provide cheaper options for macro camera setup and leveraging existing lenses.
Install the extension tube between camera and lens. They just change the minimum focal length of the lens so you can get closer to your subject. Buy them for a fraction of the price of a three-piece set. Use them alone or in combination to experiment with different focal lengths.
The lens is converted to a macro lens using an inversion ring by mounting the lens backward. They start at a very low price. Therefore, you can try macro photography without a large investment.
A close-up is a magnifying glass filter that screws into the front of your lens. It allows you to get closer to your subject and has the advantage of being able to use it without removing the lens.
You probably already have a zoom lens with a macro setting. This usually brings you closer to your topic, but be aware that real 1:1 images are rarely provided.
3. Stabilize your camera
Stability at macro is crucial for sharp images. A tripod is suitable for most situations. If you’re close to the ground, below where your tripod is willing to go, a beanbag stand can be a huge help. Beanbags can form your camera or they can be left on the ground. This won’t give you tripod-level stability, but it’s a huge improvement over handheld.
Holding steady allows more light to enter. Stability is critical if you want to close the aperture and use a relatively low ISO, as you have to reduce the shutter speed to compensate. After taking macro images, be sure to zoom in carefully to ensure your camera is completely stable.
4. Change the depth of the field using aperture control
Do you want to know how to keep your audience focused on your subject? Well, it all boils down to focus. The viewer’s eye is naturally drawn to the sharp part of the image.
Control how much your subject is in focus by adjusting the depth of the field.
In practice, the depth of the field is the distance between the nearest and furthest part of a photograph that is in focus. This is usually a millimeter problem due to the level of magnification in macro photography.
Use the aperture priority mode on the camera to adjust the depth of field. A wide aperture between F/2.8 and F/5.6 will minimize the number of photos in focus. Select F/16 or smaller aperture setting to increase the depth of field.
Consider the distance between background, foreground, and subject. The greater the distance, the more flexible the depth of the field. It is then easier to focus on more themes without having to focus on background/foreground elements.
Be sure to choose the most important part of your body to focus on. Use manual focus mode on your camera to take full control of it.
A good tip is to take multiple photos with different aperture settings. You will then be able to select the most effective image when viewing the image.
5. Change your position and perspective
It’s important to try to shoot subjects from different angles. That means you’re going to have to put yourself in some unusual positions!
You end up with more interesting and sometimes surprising images. Moving is necessary to obtain the correct distance between the lens and the subject.
Shooting your subject from different directions allows you to change the mood of the image. Shoot up from a downward position, against the sky and a brighter background. Although shooting down can provide a darker, more temperamental backdrop.
At eye level with your subject, you will truly be able to immerse the audience in the world of the subject.
6. Use artificial light
When taking macro shots of natural objects like plants and insects, it makes sense to use only natural light. I’ve been there, but it can definitely limit you. Proximity to the subject blocks a lot of ambient light. Artificial lighting can help you capture better macro images. Just because it’s called artificial lighting doesn’t mean it has to look artificial. Diffuse lighting with a color temperature similar to ambient light can replicate ambient light very well.
Artificial lighting options range from simple flashlights or bulbs to wireless flashlights or LED panels. Getting the light at the right color temperature to match your scene is the challenge here. When you have a scene, test several different light sources to see which matches best. For diffusion, you don’t have to have fancy equipment here either. Use some printer paper, wax paper, or even white cloth to diffuse the light. There are also many affordable diffusion solutions on the market. Experiment with different distances and light angles to find what works best for your scene!
7. Take your time and be patient.
Patience is indeed a virtue when it comes to macro photography.
To get the best photos, you need to know your subject. Spend some time researching all aspects from all angles. You will then be able to successfully select the best shot.
As you take your time, you’ll notice details that you won’t see with the quick point-and-shoot method.
When shooting outdoors, you need extra patience. The slightest breeze can ruin a shot of a delicate subject.
There is almost no control over moving live subjects and you need to wait for the best shots. Taking the time also means that you minimize the risk of damaging your topic.
8. Think about composition
Sometimes the normal rules of composition can elude us when we’re shooting incredible details on a macro level. We can get so excited and just take pictures out of excitement and not stop thinking about how we want to compose. Rule of thirds, symmetry, guideline. These are some important rules to help us take better pictures! When you find yourself eagerly snapping photos, remember to slow down and think about your composition!
You have several options when composing your subject. Due to the narrow depth of the field, the blurry background makes for an excellent picture. You can also try filling the screen with a body to create a more detailed image.
Providing visual interest is important in macro photography because often many of your shots will be selectively blurred. The diagonal works well for that. They provide a good guide for the viewer’s eyes. Try to compose a focus object in an image that involves moving from one corner to another.
All is not lost if the composition is not quite right when looking at the image. Use cropping tools in post-processing to fine-tune your images.
9. Don’t forget the context
The area around your main theme is very important for taking great photos. This background region is called the negative space.
Color and texture in negative space can be the difference between a good photo and a bad one. A good background is a compliment to the subject. A poor choice of setting can distract the audience from the subject matter.
Consider color, texture, and light. Try to avoid including content that distracts from the main topic. These will compete with themes for the audience’s attention.
When shooting a static subject, you will have plenty of time to compose the background. Move the subject and yourself to get the best settings.
The shallow depth of field and the simple background will help your subject really appear in the shot.
10. Pick the right topic
Finally, keep in mind that not all subjects make for a good macro photo. Good subjects are patterns, textures, flowers, insects, water droplets, food, and close-up portrait details such as eyes.
It is best to avoid moving subjects or subjects that are unlikely to remain stationary.
As you fine-tune macro photography techniques, try working with inanimate subjects. It’s also a good idea to work indoors to avoid wind-induced movement.
I hope this helps improve your macro images and takes them to the next level!